Something from history 

The Siberian Husky was originated by the Chukchi people of northeastern Asia as an endurance sled dog. When changing conditions forced these semi-nomadic natives to expand their hunting grounds, they responded by developing a unique breed of sled dog, which met their special requirements and upon which their very survival depended. The Chukchis needed a sled dog capable of traveling great distances at a moderate speed, carrying a light load in low temperatures with a minimum expenditure of energy. Research indicates that the Chukchis maintained the purity of their sled dogs through the 19th century and that these dogs were the sole and direct ancestors of the breed known in the United States today as the Siberian Husky.

Shortly after 1900, Americans in Alaska began to hear accounts of this superior strain of sled dog in Siberia. The first team of Siberian Huskies made its appearance in the All Alaska Sweepstakes Race of 1909.The same year, a large number of them were imported to Alaska by Charles Fox Maule Ramsay, and his team, driven by John "Iron Man" Johnson, won the grueling 400-mile race in 1910. For the next decade, Siberian Huskies, particularly those bred and raced by Leonhard Seppala, captured most of the racing titles in Alaska, where the rugged terrain was ideally suited to the endurance capabilities of the breed.

In 1925, the city of Nome, Alaska, was stricken by a diphtheria epidemic and supplies of antitoxin were urgently needed. Many sled dog drivers, including Mr. Seppala, were called upon to relay the lifesaving serum to Nome by dog team. This heroic "serum run" focused attention upon Siberian Huskies, and Seppala brought his dogs to the United States on a personal appearance tour. While here, he was invited to compete in sled dog races in New England, where the sport had already been introduced. The superior racing ability and delightful temperament of Seppala's Siberian Huskies won the respect and the hearts of sportsmen from Alaska to New England. It was through the efforts of these pioneer fanciers that the breed was established in the United States and that AKC recognition was granted in 1930. Many Siberian Huskies were assembled and trained at Chinook Kennels in New Hampshire for use on the Byrd Antarctic Expeditions. Dogs of the breed also served valiantly in the Army's Arctic Search and Rescue Unit of the Air Transport Command during World War II.

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STANDARD

ORIGIN: U.S.A.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 02.02.1995.

UTILIZATION: Sledge dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.           Group      5          Spitz and primitive types.            Section 1          Nordic Sledge Dogs.
                                             Without working trial.                               
GENERAL APPEARANCEThe Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog, quick and light on his feet and free and graceful in action.  His moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest his Northern heritage.  His characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless.  He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at a moderate speed over great distances.  His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed and endurance.  The males of the Siberian Husky breed are masculine but never coarse; the bitches are feminine but without weakness of structure.  In proper condition, with muscle firm and well developed, the Siberian Husky does not carry excess weight.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
- In profile, the length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the rear point of the croup is slightly longer than the height of the body from the ground to the top of the withers.
- The distance from the tip of the nose to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENTThe characteristic temperament of the Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and outgoing.  He does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs.  
Some measure of reserve and dignity may be expected in the mature dog.  His intelligence, tractability, and eager disposition make him an agreeable companion and willing worker.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION
Skull: Of medium size and in proportion to the body; sligthly rounded on top and tapering from the widest point to the eyes.
Stop: Well defined.

FACIAL REGION
Nose
Black in gray, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; may be flesh-coloured in pure white dogs.  The pink-streaked « snow nose » is acceptable.
Muzzle: Of medium length and of medium width, tapering gradually to the nose, with the tip neither pointed nor square.  The bridge of the nose is straight from the stop to the tip.
Lips: Well pigmented and close fitting.
Jaws/Teeth: Closing in a scissor bite.
Eyes: Almond shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely.  Eyes may be brown or blue in colour; one of each or particoloured are acceptable.
Expression: Keen, but friendly, interested and even mischievous.
EarsOf medium size, triangular in shape, close fitting and set high on the head.  They are thick, well furred, slightly arched at the back, and strongly erect, with slightly rounded tips pointing straight up.

NECK: Medium in length, arched and carried proudly erect when dog is standing.  When moving at a trot, the neck is extended so that the head is carried slightly forward.

BODY:
Back
Straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to croup.  Of medium length, neither cobby nor slack from excessive length.
Loin:  Taut and lean, narrower than the rib cage, and with a slight tuck-up.
Croup: Slopes away from the spine at an angle, but never so steeply as to restrict the rearward thrust of the hind legs.
Chest: Deep and strong, but not too broad, with the deepest point being just behind and level with the elbows.  The ribs are well sprung from the spine but flattened on the sides to allow for freedom of action.

TAIL: The well furred tail of fox-brush shape is set on just below the level of the topline, and is usually carried over the back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog is at attention.  When carried up, the tail does not curl to either side of the body, nor does it snap flat against the back.  A trailing tail is normal for the dog when in repose.  Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the same length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance of a round brush.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS: When standing and viewed from the front, the legs are moderately spaced, parallel and straight.  Bone is substantial but never heavy.   Length of the leg from the elbow to ground is slightly more than the distance from the elbow to the top of withers.  Dewclaws on forelegs may be removed.  
Shoulders and arm: The shoulder blade is well laid back.  The upper arm angles slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow, and is never perpendicular to the ground.  The muscles and ligaments holding the shoulder to the rib cage are firm and well developed.
Elbows: Close to the body and turned neither in nor out.
Pastern jointStrong, but flexible.
Pasterns: Viewed from the side, pasterns are slightly slanted.

HINDQUARTERS: When standing and viewed from the rear, the hind legs are moderately spaced and parallel.  Dewclaws, if any, are to be removed. 
Upper thigh: Well muscled and powerful.
Stifle: Well bent.
Hock joint: Well defined and set low to ground.

FEETOval in shape but not long.  The paws are medium in size, compact and well furred between the toes and pads.  The pads are tough and thickly cushioned.  The paws neither turn in nor out when the dog is in natural stance.

GAIT / MOVEMENTThe Siberian Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless.  He is quick and light on his feet, and when in the show ring should be gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the hindquarters.  When viewed from the front to rear while moving at a walk the Siberian Husky does not single-track, but as the speed increases the legs gradually angle inward until the pads are falling on a line directly under the longitudinal center of the body.  As the pad marks converge, the forelegs and hind legs are carried straightforward, with neither elbows nor stifles turned in or out.  Each’hind leg moves in the path of the foreleg on the same side.  While the dog is gaiting, the topline remains firm and level.

COAT

HAIR: The coat of the Siberian Husky is double and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance, but is never so long as to obscure the cleancut outline of the dog.  The undercoat is soft and dense and of sufficient length to support the outer coat.  The guard hairs of the outer coat are straight and somewhat smooth lying, never harsh nor standing straight off from the body.  It should be noted that the absence of the undercoat during the shedding season is normal.  Trimming of whiskers and fur between the toes and around the feet to present a neater appearance is permissible.  Trimming the fur on any other part of the dog is not to be condoned and should be severely penalized.

COLOUR:  All colours from black to pure white are allowed.  A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers: Dogs:         21 to 23, 5 inches  (53,5 - 60 cm).
                           Females :   20 to 22     inches  (50,5 - 56 cm).
Weight:                Dogs :       45 to 60      pounds (20,5 - 28 kg).
                           Females :   35 to 50     pounds (15,5 - 23 kg).
Weight is in proportion to height.  The measurements mentioned above represent the extreme height and weight limits with no preference given to either extreme.  Any appearance of excessive bone or weight should be penalized.

SUMMARY: The most important breed characteristics of the Siberian Husky are medium size, moderate bone, well balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, proper coat, pleasing head and ears, correct tail, and good disposition.  Any appearance of excessive bone or weight, constricted or clumsy gait, or long, rough coat should be penalized.  The Siberian Husky never appears so heavy or coarse as to suggest a freighting animal; nor is he so light and fragile as to suggest a sprint-racing animal.  In both sexes the Siberian Husky gives the appearance of being capable of great endurance.  In addition to the faults already noted, the obvious structural faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Siberian Husky as in any other breed, even though they are not specifically mentioned herein.
            
FAULTSAny departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Skull: Head

ELIMINATING FAULTS:

  • Aggresive or overly shy.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.